The single most important assessment Evaluation of level of consciousness (LOC) and mentation are the most important parts of the neuro exam. A change in either is usually the first clue to a deteriorating condition. The following terms are commonly used to describe a decreased LOC, so it helps to be familiar with them: Full… Continue reading LOC Assessment
MAOIs – Do not give food with tyramine as it may cause hypertensive crisis. Do not give tetracycline at bed time. Do not let patients lie down because it might cause gastric reflux. Do not give metformin to someone having procedures with contrast dye. Metformin can cause acute renal failure. Drawing insulin – (RN), Draw… Continue reading NCLEX Quick Review Pharmacology
Nurse Lorraine has just passed the nursing board exam and is now looking for a job. She has spent a great deal of time dropping curriculum vitaes in hospitals and clinics and luckily, her hard work has paid off as she is now scheduled for an interview/skills assessment. However, she feels troubled as from what… Continue reading Pain Assessment Scales
This blood pressure chart can help you figure out if your blood pressure is at a healthy level or if you’ll need to take some steps to improve your numbers.
The sympathetic nervous system prepares the body for intense physical activity and is often referred to as the fight-or-flight response. The parasympatheticnervous system has almost the exact opposite effect and relaxes the body and inhibits or slows many high energy functions.
Vital signs (often shortened to just vitals) are a group of the 4 to 6 most important signs that indicate the status of the body’s vital (life-sustaining) functions. These measurements are taken to help assess the general physical health of a person, give clues to possible diseases, and show progress toward recovery. The normal ranges… Continue reading Vital Signs Quick Reference for NCLEX Review
A toxidrome (a portmanteau of toxic and syndrome) is a syndrome caused by a dangerous level of toxins in the body. The term was coined in 1970 by Mofenson and Greensher. It is often the consequence of a drug overdose. Common symptoms include dizziness, disorientation, nausea, vomiting, and oscillopsia.
Electrocardiography (ECG or EKG*) is the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart over a period of time using electrodes placed on the skin. These electrodes detect the tiny electrical changes on the skin that arise from the heart muscle’s electrophysiologic pattern of depolarizing during each heartbeat. It is a very commonly performed… Continue reading Heart Sounds and EKG Placement Guide
Types of Insulin: Onset, Peak and Duration Lantus – 70 minutes HPN – 60 – 120 minutes Regular – 30 – 60 minutes Lispro – 15 – 30 minutes
ACE Inhibitors Quick NCLEX Review Used to treat HEART DISEASE Commonly ends in “PRIL” Lowers blood pressure by relaxing blood vessels Commonly prescribed for CHF Patients Monitor patient’s blood pressure frequently. What are some examples of ACE inhibitors? The following is a list of the ACE inhibitors that are available in the United States: benazepril (Lotensin)… Continue reading ACE Inhibitors Quick NCLEX Review